Reference Library Articles

George Panormo

George Panormo

George Panormo worked all his life in London and was born in 1776, but quite where remains a mystery.

Gibson - Part 10: Gibson Acoustics, World War Two - Present

Gibson - Part 10: Gibson Acoustics, World War Two - Present

During World War II, Gibson manufactured no electric guitars, and its production of acoustics was severely restricted

Gibson - Part 1: Early Years; Gibson's First Acoustics

Gibson - Part 1: Early Years; Gibson's First Acoustics

Orville H. Gibson (1856-1918) was born of an American mother and an English father near Chateaugay, close to the Canadian border in northern New York state

Gibson - Part 2: 1930s Archtops; Gibson's early flat tops

Gibson - Part 2: 1930s Archtops; Gibson's early flat tops

Gibson continued to refine and develop its archtop acoustics throughout the 1930s.

Gibson - Part 3: Gibson's Early Electrics; The Evolving 'Les Paul'

Gibson - Part 3: Gibson's Early Electrics; The Evolving 'Les Paul'

Gibson launched its first full-production electric guitar, the EH-150, in January 1936.

Gibson - Part 4: From Les Paul to SG

Gibson - Part 4: From Les Paul to SG

In the late 1950s, Gibson decided to make fundamental alterations to its Les Paul guitars.

Gibson - Part 5: Gibson's Classic Hollow-body Electrics

Gibson - Part 5: Gibson's Classic Hollow-body Electrics

Traditional-style electric archtops had deep bodies: Gibson's Super 400 CES and L-5 CES both measured a generous 3 3/8 inches (8.6cm) from top to back

Gibson - Part 6: Gibson 'Thinlines' and Semi-solids

Gibson - Part 6: Gibson 'Thinlines' and Semi-solids

Traditional-style electric archtops had deep bodies: Gibson's Super 400 CES and L-5 CES both measured a generous 3 3/8 inches (8.6cm) from top to back

Gibson - Part 7: Gibson 'Artist' Hollowbodies and Semi-solids

Gibson - Part 7: Gibson 'Artist' Hollowbodies and Semi-solids

The approach to Billy Byrd and Hank Garland that led to the creation of Gibson's 'Byrdland' archtop was not an isolated occurrence.

Gibson - Part 8: Gibson's 'Modernistic' Solid Electrics; The Firebirds

Gibson - Part 8: Gibson's 'Modernistic' Solid Electrics; The Firebirds

In the 1950s, Fender had shaken up the guitar-making establishment with its bold solid-body designs.

Gibson - Part 9: Gibson Electrics: 1970s Onwards

Gibson - Part 9: Gibson Electrics: 1970s Onwards

The Firebirds were the last major Gibson electrics introduced by Ted McCarty, who left the company in 1966 after 16 years as its President

Giorgio Serafin

Giorgio Serafin

Serafin is one of the great names of Venetian violin making, but in some ways the lesser-known Giorgio represents the spirit of the tradition better than his uncle Santo

Giovanni Battista and Giacomo Zanoli

Giovanni Battista and Giacomo Zanoli

It often seems as if every parish in Italy was home to a family of gifted violin makers at some time or other

Giovanni Francesco Celoniatus

Giovanni Francesco Celoniatus

Celoniatus is one of the charming and distinctive makers of the early Turin school. His work is consistent in finish and style, and is limited only by the relative lack of tonal power that his elegant Amati-like arching can provide.

Giovanni Francesco Pressenda

Giovanni Francesco Pressenda

The beginning of the nineteenth century saw a dramatic renaissance in the art of violin making.

Giovanni Tononi

Giovanni Tononi

The city of Bologna has made a very important contribution to violin making.

Giuseppe Guadagnini

Giuseppe Guadagnini

Giovanni Battista Guadagnini was not only a truly great violin maker in his own right, but also the head of a small dynasty of luthiers.

Gofredo Cappa

Gofredo Cappa

Gofredo Cappa was a most interesting seventeenth century maker of the Turin school, although born (in 1644) and working in nearby Saluzzo until his death in 1717.

Gretsch History

Gretsch History

Friedrich Gretsch (1856-1895) was a German émigré to the USA who set up a New York-based company making banjos and percussion instruments in 1883

Henry Lockey Hill

Henry Lockey Hill

The Hill family is the longest and most respected of English violin making dynasties, and the generation of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century became the world's leading authority, supervising one of the greatest workshops in Europe

Heritage History

Heritage History

Gibson's departure from Kalamazoo, Michigan, in 1984 did not end the long history of guitar making there.

Hieronymus The Second Amati

Hieronymus The Second Amati

According to most accounts, the end of the great Amati tradition in Cremona was a rather abject one.

Hugh Manson History

Hugh Manson History

The peaceful rural environment of southwestern England has attracted a number of leading British luthiers.

Jackson History

Jackson History

During the late 1970s, a new generation of virtuoso American rock guitarists was emerging